You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since our society is so computer-driven, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you have to know your score and ensure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 3038627760.