You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because we live in a computer-driven society, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile a FICO score.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers getting a mortgage score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Is it possible to improve your FICO score? Since the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to improve your score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at 3038627760.